Steroid induced kidney injury

Usually, steroid is taking orally or infusing intravenously. Glomerulonephritis, renal tubular- interstitial disease and rejection after kidney transplantation all can be treated by corticosteroid. Among all those disease, primary glomerulonephritis, for example, minimal change disease reacts well to the medication. Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis respond badly to steroid. 25% of specific membrane nephropathy people could get a remission all by themselves, while 25% of them may progress to ESRD. As for IgA Nephropathy , steroid isn’t recommended in cases of simple microscopic hematuria. For patients with III or IV of lupus nephritis, glucocorticoid becomes the basic medication.

Laws and Penalties:  Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).  Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth.  The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal.  Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense.  The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense.  If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double.  While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS.  State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).

Steroid induced kidney injury

steroid induced kidney injury

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